Get the Perfect Bloom with Deadheading Your Rose Bushes.
Although they might sound similar to many, but pruning and deadheading are technically not the same things. Pruning is the removal of branches or sections of the stem to encourage the growth of the tree or the shrub. Deadheading rose bushes, on the other hand, is the process of removing the spent flower along with a section of the stem, once the flower has bloomed. While pruning is typically once a year, deadheading is done on a more real-time basis. While pruning controls the growth and size of the plant, deadheading brings about better air-circulation, re-bloom, and neatness in the plants.
When and how to prune the rose bushes?
The best time for pruning rose bushes is when there would be no chance of a frost again, that is right after the last frost. This could either lead to pruning being done in Late march or early April as well as some time in early spring. It also depends on your location. Also, when the buds begin to swell and turn reddish, you need to understand that it is pruning time. The pruning time also varies according to the type of roses. If the rosebush blooms from new growth, you would need to wait for next spring to prune when the rose bush would become dormant again. If it blooms from the old stem only, the pruning needs to be done once the bush flowers.
To execute a pruning operation, all you would need a pair of sharp shears for the branches, long-handed loppers for the thicker canes and gardening gloves. Leaves on rose shoots are found in sets of 3 or 5 leaves. To prune the roses, it is the 5-leaf set that needs to be cut. You need to cut only those sets that face the direction which you want the shoot to grow at. Once you have identified the 5-leaf set, you need to look for the bud eye on that shoot. A bud eye is a point from which a new rose stem would grow out and is characterized by a small dark dot on the shoot. You need to make the cut just one-fourth inch above the bud eye at an angle of 45º.
Cutting the shoot straight would lead to water getting deposited on the shoot and that would lead to the growth of fungi and bacteria on the shoot. Applying some white glue at the point of the cut will prevent the insects from infesting and killing the whole plant. With the 45º cut, you would be successfully completing the deadheading for that shoot. Repeat the same for other ones and get a neat looking rose bush in your garden.
In addition to this, you would also need to cut the dead, thin and crossed canes as close to their base as possible. The dead canes are the ones which will no longer produce and will have a black and dried-up appearance. Do not miss out on pruning the suckers which are basically new plant shoots that grow near the rosebush. Pruning them from the base is the best thing to do.
Once the pruning is done, the bush will start flowering and would eventually have spent bloom as well. That is when you would need to deadhead the bush by removing these faded blossoms. The spent bloom needs to be cut just above the 5-leaf cluster at an angle of 45º and glued.
Common types of rose bushes
Now that you are well-versed with when and how pruning and deadheading is to be done, you would definitely want to try them out at your garden. Given below are some of the best roses from all the three groups that will make your garden look like a little piece of paradise on the face of the earth.
Among the old roses, the most common ones are Green Rose, lady banks, Rose De Rescht, Francis Dubreuil, and Baronne Prevost
The common types of modern or hybrid roses include the Floribunda, Grandiflora, and the Hybrid tea Rose, Gold Metal, Fragrant Plum and Amber Queen
Popular wild roses include the Rugosa Rose and the Multiflora Rose
written by: Galaxy123